Parshuram Jayanti marks the birth anniversary of Lord Parshuram, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Parshuram Jayanti is being celebrated in the country on 18 April 2018 i.e. today. He is the son of Renuka and one of the saptarishi Sage Jamadagni. Like other avatars of Vishnu, he appears at a time when overwhelming evil prevailed on earth. The warrior class, with weapons and power, had begun to abuse their power, take what belonged to others by force and tyrannize people. Parashurama corrects the cosmic equilibrium by destroying these evil warriors.
He lived during the last Dvapara Yuga, and is one of the seven immortals or Chiranjivi, of Hinduism. He received an axe after undertaking terrible penance to please Lord Shiva, who in turn taught him the martial arts.
He is the epitome of devotion and love towards parents. The legend says that once his father after an argument with Renuka asked him to kill her. He obeyed his father’s order. Satisfied with his job, his father asked what he wanted as a gift. To which he replied, ‘Mother’. Hence, he got back his mother without hurting anyone.
He is also referred to as Rama Jamadagnya, Rama Bhargava and Veerarama in some Hindu texts. Parashurama is worshipped as mool purush, or founder, of the Niyogi Bhumihar Brahmin, Chitpavan, Daivadnya, Mohyal, Tyagi, Anavil and Nambudiri Brahmin communities.
According to Mahabharata Vana Parva, Kartavirya Arjuna, a legendary king of an ancient Haihayas Kingdom in Madhya Pradesh, became self-obsessed with his powers. In a fit of rage, he started oppressing humans, yakshas, and gods. Once he visited the hermitage of Jamadagni and was welcomed with all respect by Renuka. But the king demanded an ill return for her kindness. He later killed Jamadagni and their sacred cow Kama Dhenu. To take revenge, Parshuram killed the king and his thousand arms and further vowed to kill all the Kshatriyas on earth. After knowing this all kshatriyas fled away. To cool him down, Kashyap Muni asked him to leave the world and since then Parshuram started residing on the mountain Mahendra.
‘Parshuram Jayanti’ is also celebrated as ‘Akshaya Tritiya’. The day marks the beginning of the Treta Yuga and is believed that good deeds done on the day are forever. The day is celebrated by fasting and organizing bhajans, Satsang, and procession.
Tithi begins: 3:45 am on April 18
Tithi ends: 1:29 am on April 19